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Reference Tables -- Engineering Unit Conversion Factors

 

How to Use This Table - Example Unit Conversions

If you are given a measurement from the left hand side and want to convert to the units on the right hand side, just multiply your number by the given conversion factor.

Example - Feet to Meters
(10 ft) X (0.304800 m/ ft) X (1/3 yd/ft) = 54.68066 yd

Conversely, you can convert units from the right hand side to those units on the left by dividing by the conversion factor

Example - Millimeters to Inches
(50 mm) / (25.4 mm/in) = 1.97 in.

Common Engineering Design Conversion Factors 
Given
Multiply by
To Find
Length [L]
Foot (ft)
0.304800
Meter (m)
Inch (in)
25.4000
Millimeter (mm)
Mile (mi)
1.609344
Kilometer (km)
Area [L]2
ft2
0.092903
m2
in2
645.16
mm2
in2
6.45160
cm2
Volume [L]3 & Capacity
in3
16.3871
cm3
ft3
0.028317
m3
ft3
7.4805
Gallon
ft3
28.3168
Liter (l)
Gallon
3.785412
Liter
Energy, Work or Heat [M] [L]2 [t]-2
Btu
1.05435
kJ
Btu
0.251996
kcal
Calories (cal)
4.184*
Joules (J)
ft-lbf
1.355818
J
ft-lbf
0.138255
kgf-m
hp-hr
2.6845
MJ
KWH
3.600
MJ
m-kgf
9.80665*
J
N-m
1.
J
Flow Rate [L]3 [t]-1
ft3/min
7.4805
gal/min
ft3/min
0.471934
l/s
gal/min
0.063090
l/s
Force or Weight [M] [L] [t]-2
kgf
9.80665*
Newton (N)
lbf
4.44822
N
lbf
0.453592
Kgf
Fracture Toughness
ksi sqr(in)
1.098800
MPa sqr(m)
Heat Content
Btu/lbm
0.555556
cal/g
Btu/lbm
2.324444
J/g
Btu/ft3
0.037234
MJ/m3
Heat Flux
Btu/hr-ft2
7.5346 E-5
cal/s-cm2
Btu/hr-ft2
3.1525
W/m2
cal/s-cm2
4.184*
W/cm2
Mass Density [M] [L]-3
lbm/in3
27.68
g/cm3
lbm/ft3
16.0184
kg/m3
Power [M] [L]2 [t]-3
Btu/hr
0.292875
Watt (W)
ft-lbf/s
1.355818
W
Horsepower (hp)
745.6999
W
Horsepower
550.*
ft-lbf/s
Pressure (fluid) [M] [L]-1 [t]-2
Atmosphere (atm)
14.696
lbf/in2
atm
1.01325 E5*
Pascal (Pa)
lbf/ft2
47.88026
Pa
lbf/in2
27.6807
in. H20 at 39.2F
Stress [M] [L]-1 [t]-2
kgf/cm2
9.80665 E-2*
MPa
ksi
6.89476
MPa
N/mm2
1.
MPa
kgf/mm2
1.42231
ksi
Specific Heat
Btu/lbm-F
1.
cal/g-C
Temperature*
Fahrenheit
(F-32) /1.8
Celsius
Fahrenheit
F+459.67
Rankine
Celsius
C+273.16
Kelvin
Rankine
R/1.8
Kelvin
Thermal Conductivity
Btu-ft/hr-ft2-F
14.8816
cal-cm/hr-cm2-C

* Indicates exact conversion(s)

 

 


 

 

 

 

 


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