Resource Planning (ERP) Software
Planning (ERP) streamlines the business
processes of a manufacturing and distribution
enterprise. The software cleanly integrates
different areas within an organization to
improve the delivery of critical information
to users and improves data consistency to
help manufacturers respond quickly to their
customer demands. Further, the information
is accurate and updated in real time by
the users and accessible when critical decisions
need to be made.
MRP tends to be used as a generic term to describe
manufacturing systems with much broader capabilities, typically
including financial, purchasing, sales, distribution, inventory
and production modules in addition to the traditional MRP planning
modules. As manufacturing has become globalized and computer technology
has developed to enable cost effective desktop access to information,
most MRP vendors have further extended their products (e.g. adding
human resource modules etc.) and rebranded them as ERP solutions
to emphasise their objective of addressing the total needs of large
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) can sometimes
be thought of as an advanced MRP II system with capabilities in
three core areas: Customer Service, Manufacturing and Finance.
- Customer Management - Tracks all activity and information
on customers. Maintain extensive detail about customer contacts,
pricing, addresses, and credit information.
Sales Order Processing - Manages all aspects
of contact with customers. Support high-volume order processing
or complex configurable orders.
Product Configurator - Capabilities for configure-to-order
manufacturers. Set up in a rules-based environment, the software
makes it possible to handle multiple configurations through
a selection of options through the interface. This module may
be used separately or called to the screen while entering sales
orders, work orders, jobs or estimating the cost of a product.
EDI - Enables electronic transmission of routine
business documents between computer systems and business partners.
Documents such as purchase orders, invoices, credit notices,
and shipping notices can be sent without generation of any paperwork.
- Inventory - Provides control over the parts in a system by
improving access to inventory information. Offers visibility
to plan and react in today's multi-plant environment, as well
as added sophistication in allocating, moving and manipulating
Costing - Designed to match a variety of costing
approaches including activity-based costing. Unlimited cost
"sets" can be created, each containing an unlimited number of
cost elements. Overhead absorption is supported, as well as
traditional functions such as variance and historical cost reporting.
Purchasing - Designed to help organizations
dynamically respond to changing markets and maintain a constant
flow of inventory to enhance cash flow and shorten delivery
Master Production Scheduling (MPS) - Provides
the master schedule for production.
Engineering - Provides the ability to integrate
at the engineering level to ensure accurate updated information
to any changes within a product.
Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP) - Creates
the production schedule based on inventory and other critical
resources necessary for generation.
Capacity Resource Planning - Enables forecasting
of production capacity with the ability to look at best/worse
case scenarios before MRP generation.
Rough Cut Resource Planning (RCRP) - Simulates
forecasting of critical resources (i.e., material, labor) based
on current information in a multitude of scenarios to find best
fit for production.
Shop Floor - Provides complete control over
the production process. Monitors a work order from inception
to fulfillment of the order, and tracks all production costs.
Supports processes such as backflushing and backflushing by
Repetitive - Enables a repetitive shop with
the ability to generate daily schedules and calculate available-to-promise
values against a schedule. It also enables companies to run
discrete and repetitive operations simultaneously.
Lot Control - Provides industries that demand
comprehensive tracking capabilities a way to handle every detail
in a manner that simplifies and automates the entire process.
From supplier lot numbers on purchased parts to finished goods
serial numbers, complete on-line reporting will illustrate an
entire "cradle-to-grave" lifecycle.
- General Ledger - Supports all aspects of the business accounting
process. User-defined hierarchical account types allow an unlimited
number of account groupings for consolidation and ease of reporting.
Account aliases such as "cash" provide users with reminders
of account numbers. Further, "drill-down" inquiries provide
detailed summaries of all postings.
Accounts Receivable - Delivers the latest tools
to control and expedite the receipt of monies from the entry
of sales order to posting payments received. Managing cash flow,
generation of invoices, cash receipts, customer statements and
adjustments are all easily managed.
Accounts Payable - Provides full functionality
and integration to other areas such as customer service, purchasing
and other manufacturing functions. All payable transactions
are automatically posted to the General Ledger, maintaining
a full audit of activity.
Financial Consolidation - Individual business
units may view their financial information, or parent companies
can roll up all business subsidiaries and view the consolidated